A comparison between prevalence and severity of postural abnormalities in children with developmental coordination disorder and healthy

AUTHORS

Gholam Ali Ghasemi 1 , Vahid Seyed Azizi 2 , Morteza Sadeghi 3 , * , Bashir Sohrabi 2

1 Assistant Professor in Pathology and Corrective Movements, School of Physical Education and Sports Sciences, University of Isfahan, Isfahan, Iran

2 M.Sc. in Pathology and Corrective Movements, School of Physical Education and Sports Sciences, University of Isfahan, Isfahan, Iran

3 Ph.D. student in Pathology and Corrective Movements, School of Physical Education and Sports Sciences, University of Isfahan, Isfahan, Iran

How to Cite: Ghasemi G A, Seyed Azizi V, Sadeghi M, Sohrabi B. A comparison between prevalence and severity of postural abnormalities in children with developmental coordination disorder and healthy, Jentashapir J Cell Mol Biol. 2014 ; 5(3):e94129.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Jentashapir Journal of Health Research: 5 (3); e94129
Published Online: June 30, 2014
Article Type: Research Article
Received: May 20, 2019
Accepted: June 30, 2014

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Abstract

Background: Motor skills disorder in children with motor dysfunction is a common disorder in childhood. The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence and severity of musculoskeletal disorders in children with developmental coordination disorder in comparison with healthy children.

Material and methods: Using developmental disorder coordination questionnaire (DCDQ'07), 59 male children with a developmental coordination disorder (length:134.71±6.91, weight: 31.66±6.66, age: 9.33±0.77) and 59 healthy male children were selected, and 13 physical anomalies were evaluated using flexible ruler, goniometer, mirror boxes, tape measure and chessboard. The data were analyzed using SPSS 16, independent t-test and Mann- Whitney U test with statistical significance at p< 0.05. Results: Intensity prevalence of forward head, kyphosis and lordosis posture, crooked neck, shoulders down and tilted back abnormalities in male children with developmental coordination disorder was significantly higher than in the healthy group (p<0.05). However, there was no significant difference in prevalence of pelvic tilt, flat foot (foot pronation), pes cavus (foot supination), hallux valgus, hammertoe, knee valgus, and genu varum between the two groups (p< 0.05).

Conclusion: The results of our study revealed that the children with developmental coordination disorder need more attention and effective corrective action plans.

Keywords

Musculoskeletal disorders Developmental coordination disorder Developmental coordination disorder questionnaire

© 2014, School of Medicine, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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