Evaluation of patients’ awareness for elective surgery referred to Al-Zahra and Imam Reza hospitals in Tabriz on spinal and general anesthesia and their selection factors in the preoperative anesthetic in 2011-2012

AUTHORS

Hassan Mohammadipour Anvari 1 , Behzad Kazemi Haki 2 , * , Naser Ghorbanian 3

1 Assistant Professor, of Anesthesia and Intensive Care, School of Paramedical, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran

2 Student of Anesthesia, School of Paramedical, Student Research Committee, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran

3 Instructor, Department of Anesthesiology, School of Paramedical Sciences, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran

How to Cite: Mohammadipour Anvari H, Kazemi Haki B, Ghorbanian N. Evaluation of patients’ awareness for elective surgery referred to Al-Zahra and Imam Reza hospitals in Tabriz on spinal and general anesthesia and their selection factors in the preoperative anesthetic in 2011-2012, Jentashapir J Health Res. 2013 ; 4(1):e94063.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Jentashapir Journal of Health Research: 4 (1); e94063
Published Online: February 28, 2013
Article Type: Research Article
Received: May 19, 2019
Accepted: February 28, 2013

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Abstract

Background: patients can develop complications and prevent unwanted side effects and additional costs on patients and hospitals by knowing methods of anesthesia. The purpose of this study is evaluating patients' awareness for elective surgery on spinal and general anesthesia and factors influencing their preference.

Methods: In study a cross-sectional method was developed to evaluate 273 elective surgery patients who admitted to Imam Reza educational hospital and Al-Zahra hospital in Tabriz over 90-91. A questionnaire was composed of two parts and data were collected over 90-91: Data were analyzed by SPSS software and a descriptive statistics method was applied to process the data using t-test.

Results: The spinal anesthesia method was the first choice of 63 patients due to wakefulness, alertness and other patients’ experience perception during the surgery operation. From this group 20.63 % did not have any preference for either methods. However, fear of surgery, panicking of being witness through the surgical procedure and not being vigilant in operation room during surgery were reasons for patients to go for general anesthesia method and 22.98% had no any specified reason for their choice. The t-test did find a significant correlation among level of awareness and understanding of methods of anesthesia, gender, occupation and education.

Conclusion: The majority of patients have a little knowledge about anesthesia methods. Therefore, improving patients’ awareness needs serious efforts of media and health centers, especially hospitals, doctors and the national anesthesia association. Unwell-educated patients need also more efforts improving their knowledge regarding anesthesia techniques.

Keywords

Awareness spinal anesthesia general anesthesia

© 2013, School of Medicine, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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