Determination of trihalomethanes concentration in Ahvaz water distribution network in 2011

AUTHORS

Ali Akbar Babaei 1 , 2 , Leila Atari 2 , * , Mehdi Ahmadi Moghadam 1 , 2 , Nadali Alavi 1 , 2 , Kambiz Ahmadi Angali 1 , 3

1 Environmental Technologies Research Center, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran

2 Department of Environmental Health Engineering, School of Health, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran

3 Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology,School of Health, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran

How to Cite: Babaei A A, Atari L, Ahmadi Moghadam M, Alavi N, Ahmadi Angali K. Determination of trihalomethanes concentration in Ahvaz water distribution network in 2011, Jentashapir J Health Res. 2012 ; 3(4):e94052.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Jentashapir Journal of Health Research: 3 (4); e94052
Published Online: July 01, 2012
Article Type: Research Article
Received: May 19, 2019
Accepted: June 06, 2012

Crossmark

CHEKING

READ FULL TEXT
Abstract

Background: Trihalomethanes (THMs) are major group of chlorinated by products, potentially hazardous and carcinogenicity of these compounds was recognized. The purpose of this study was survey on THMs concentration in Ahvaz drinking water. Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional study was based on 36- week sampling program during the winter, spring and summer of 2011 in water distribution network of the No. 1 and No. 2 water treatment plants (WTP1 and WTP2) in Ahvaz city was conducted. Sampling in the distribution networks was taken from finished water and three points of distribution networks. THM species analyses carried out by gas chromatograph system (GC/µECD) with head space technique. SPSS software was used for data analysis. One-way ANOVA test was used for THMs average comparison between seasons and sampling point and T-test was used for comparison between two distribution networks.

Results: In this study, the total THMs determined in winter, spring and summer ranged from 20.5-86µg/L, 18.92-66.06µg/L and 17.35-174.75µg/L respectively.

Conclusion: According to this study, only in 6 samples the total THMs concentration exceed the U.S.EPA MCL (80 µg/L) and only in 3 samples exceed from the Iran standard and WHO guideline (∑THM/WHO guideline≤1). Average values of the total THMs in summer were 1.4 and 1.6 times higher than winter and spring respectively. Furthermore, brominated THMs were dominant species.

Keywords

trihalomethane gas chromatography distribution network drinking water Ahvaz

© 2012, School of Medicine, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

Fulltext

The fulltext is available in PDF file.

References

  • 1.

    The references are available in PDF file.

  • COMMENTS

    LEAVE A COMMENT HERE: