The relationship between egg consumption during pregnancy and risk of gestational diabetes mellitus

AUTHORS

Majid Karandish , *

How to Cite: Karandish M. The relationship between egg consumption during pregnancy and risk of gestational diabetes mellitus, Jentashapir J Cell Mol Biol. Online ahead of Print ; 5(1):437-443.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Jentashapir Journal of Health Research: 5 (1); 437-443
Published Online: October 31, 2014
Article Type: Research Article
Received: July 20, 2013
Accepted: August 17, 2013

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Abstract

Background: Substantial evidence indicates that diet can influence glucose homeostasis. Therefore modification of diet may have beneficial effects on diabetes risk. Limited studies have been published about the association between egg consumption and diabetes mellitus but studies about such association during pregnancy are very limited. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between egg consumption during pregnancy and risk of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) in Ahvaz.

Material and methods: In this case - control study, 123 pregnant women with GDM and 130 healthy pregnant women were compared. Usual egg consumption during pregnancy was determined by a food frequency questionnaire. Participants were classified into three groups according to usual egg consumption, as follows: low (<1 per week), moderate (1 to less than 4 per week) and high (? 4 per week). Data were analyzed by logistic regression test.

Results: After adjustment for the possible confounding factors (age, prepregnancy body mass index, monthly weight gain, parity, abortion in previous pregnancies, macrosomia in previous pregnancies, history of GDM, diabetes or GDM in the first-degree relatives, hypertension, education and spouse's education, gestational age) odds ratios for moderate and high egg consumption compared to low consumption were 1.602 and 1.345; (p=0.297 & p=0.573), respectively.

Keywords

© 2014, School of Medicine, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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