Incidence and risk factors of post-traumatic Endophthalmitis

AUTHORS

Mostafa Feghhi , *

How to Cite: Feghhi M. Incidence and risk factors of post-traumatic Endophthalmitis, Jentashapir J Cell Mol Biol. Online ahead of Print ; 4(3):-.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Jentashapir Journal of Health Research: 4 (3)
Published Online: September 30, 2013
Article Type: Research Article
Received: February 7, 2013
Accepted: February 28, 2013

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Abstract

Background: Penetrating eye injury is a cause of endophthalmitis. Incidence and prognosis of it depends on potential risk factors. Identifying these risk factors and reducing their effects can improve prognosis. Thus this study was designed to identify the incident of post traumatic endophthalmitis and its risk factors.

Material and methods: This study retrospectively reviewed the records of 154 patients with penetrating eye injuries who were admitted to Imam Khomeini Hospital from 2010 to 2011 and underwent repair operation. Incidence of endophthalmitis and possible risk factors such as sex, age, time interval between the accident and primary repair, location of trauma and intraocular foreign body were evaluated and compared.

Results: In this study, the incidence of culture positive post-traumatic endophthalmitis was 3.9%. The delay of repair more than 12 hours and post traumatic endophthalmitis was statistically significant (P=0.029). Also poor visual acuity prior to primary repair was associated with higher rate of post traumatic endophthalmitis (P=0.00). In our study, sex, age, intraocular foreign body and location of trauma had no statistically significant relationship with post traumatic endophthalmitis.

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© 2013, School of Medicine, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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