Jentashapir Journal of Health Research

Published by: Kowsar

Gonad Shielding for Patients Undergoing Conventional Radiological Examinations: Is There Cause for Concern?

Vahid Karami 1 , Mansour Zabihzadeh 1 , 2 , * and Mehrdad Gholami 3
Authors Information
1 Department of Medical Physics, School of Medicine, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, IR Iran
2 Department of Radiotherapy and Radiation Oncology, Golestan Hospital, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, IR Iran
3 Department of Medical Physics, School of Para Medicine Sciences, Lorestan University of Medical Sciences, Khorramabad, IR Iran
Article information
  • Jentashapir Journal of Health Research: April 01, 2016, 7 (2); e31170
  • Published Online: April 16, 2016
  • Article Type: Brief Report
  • Received: June 30, 2015
  • Revised: August 11, 2015
  • Accepted: August 15, 2015
  • DOI: 10.17795/jjhr-31170

To Cite: Karami V, Zabihzadeh M, Gholami M. Gonad Shielding for Patients Undergoing Conventional Radiological Examinations: Is There Cause for Concern?, Jentashapir J Health Res. 2016 ; 7(2):e31170. doi: 10.17795/jjhr-31170.

Copyright © 2016, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License ( which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.
1. Background
2. Objectives
3. Materials and Methods
4. Results
5. Discussion
  • 1. Holmberg O, Malone J, Rehani M, McLean D, Czarwinski R. Current issues and actions in radiation protection of patients. Eur J Radiol. 2010; 76(1): 15-9[DOI][PubMed]
  • 2. Linet MS, Slovis TL, Miller DL, Kleinerman R, Lee C, Rajaraman P, et al. Cancer risks associated with external radiation from diagnostic imaging procedures. CA Cancer J Clin. 2012; 62(2): 75-100[DOI][PubMed]
  • 3. Sikand M, Stinchcombe S, Livesley PJ. Study on the use of gonadal protection shields during paediatric pelvic X-rays. Ann R Coll Surg Engl. 2003; 85(6): 422-5[DOI][PubMed]
  • 4. Doolan A, Brennan PC, Rainford LA, Healy J. Gonad protection for the antero-posterior projection of the pelvis in diagnostic radiography in Dublin hospitals. Radiography. 2004; 10(1): 15-21[DOI]
  • 5. Curtis JR. Computed tomography shielding methods: a literature review. Radiol Technol. 2010; 81(5): 428-36[PubMed]
  • 6. Frantzen MJ, Robben S, Postma AA, Zoetelief J, Wildberger JE, Kemerink GJ. Gonad shielding in paediatric pelvic radiography: disadvantages prevail over benefit. Insights Imaging. 2012; 3(1): 23-32[DOI][PubMed]
  • 7. MacKay M, Hancy C, Crowe A, D'Rozario R, Ng CKC. Attitudes of medical imaging technologists on use of gonad shielding in general radiography. Journal of Medical Radiation Sciences. 2012; 59(2): 35-9[DOI]
  • 8. Fatahi-Asl J, Tahmasebi M, Karami V. The protection knowledge and performance of Radiographers in some hospitals of Ahvaz County. Jentashapir J Health Res. 2013; 4(5): 405-12
  • 9. Bailey E, Anderson V. Syllabus on Radiography Radiation Protection. 1995; : 46-50
  • 10. Dowd SB, Tilson ER, Adams L. Practical radiation protection and applied radiobiology. 1999;
  • 11. Raissaki MT. Pediatric radiation protection. European Radiology Supplements. 2004; 14: 74-83[DOI]
  • 12. Gul A, Zafar M, Maffulli N. Gonadal shields in pelvic radiographs in pediatric patients. Bull Hosp Jt Dis. 2005; 63(1-2): 13-4[PubMed]
  • 13. Kenny N, Hill J. Gonad protection in young orthopaedic patients. BMJ. 1992; 304(6839): 1411-3[PubMed]
  • 14. Liakos P, Schoenecker PL, Lyons D, Gordon JE. Evaluation of the efficacy of pelvic shielding in preadolescent girls. J Pediatr Orthop. 2001; 21(4): 433-5[PubMed]
  • 15. Wainwright AM. Shielding reproductive organs of orthopaedic patients during pelvic radiography. Ann R Coll Surg Engl. 2000; 82(5): 318-21[PubMed]
  • 16. Clancy CL, O'Reilly G, Brennan PC, McEntee MF. The effect of patient shield position on gonad dose during lumbar spine radiography. Radiography. 2010; 16(2): 131-5[DOI]
  • 17. Godwin R, Lacey GD, Manhire A, Cascade PN. Clinical audit in radiology: 100+ recipes. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 1996; 167(4): 850
  • 18. Fawcett SL, Barter SJ. The use of gonad shielding in paediatric hip and pelvis radiographs. Br J Radiol. 2009; 82(977): 363-70[DOI][PubMed]
Creative Commons License Except where otherwise noted, this work is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 4.0 International License .

Search Relations:



Create Citiation Alert
via Google Reader

Readers' Comments